Some common terms and their measurements – Cocktail Language

Some common terms and their measurements

Shot1 1/2 oz.4.5 cL
Jigger1 1/2 oz.4.5 cL
Cup8 oz.24 cL
Tablespoon (tbsp.)1/2 oz.15 mL
Gallon128 oz.3.8 L
Quart1/4 gallon or 32 oz.~ 1 L
Fifth1/5 gallon or ~26 oz.0.75 L
Dash or Splash1/32 oz. (see below)(see below)


Many recipes on the site call for measurements in “parts”. This is simply a relative measurement, often used for mixing large batches of drinks at once. So if the recipe calls for 1 part of ingredient A, and 2 parts of ingredient B, then you would use twice as much of ingredient B.

Shot Glasses

A proper shot glass is 1.5 oz., but many bars use “pony shots”, which are only 1 oz. A double shot glass holds 3 ounces.

Dash or Splash

These are terms that simply refer to small amounts. When you are using dashes or splashes, you are flavouring a cocktail for taste, so it becomes a bit of a judgement call. Don’t go overboard, but make sure you use enough to be noticed. A splash is a little more than a dash, and generally involves less viscous liquids such as mixers, whereas dashes are used with stronger flavourings, such as tabasco.